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Biodiversity
What is biodiversity?
Spotted quall
Spotted quall
Biodiversity is the variety of life and its interactions – it includes plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms, the genetic information they contain and the ecosystems that they form in either terrestrial, marine, or aquatic environments. In short, biodiversity is life on Earth.

Why is biodiversity important?
There are numerous ecosystem services provided by biodiversity, such as the pollination of crops, the provision of medicines, food and clothing, and the support systems we need to sustain human life.  Biodiversity also contributes to the fulfilment of people’s cultural, spiritual, and intellectual needs.

In Australia, more than 1,700 species and ecological communities are known to be threatened and at risk of extinction.  Degradation of our environment continues and many ecosystems are increasingly vulnerable to collapse. Our biodiversity is declining because of the impacts of a range of threats, including:
  • habitat loss,
  • degradation and fragmentation,
  • invasive species, unsustainable use and management of natural resources
  • changes to the aquatic environment and water flows
  • changing fire regimes and
  • climate change.

Squirrel glider
Squirrel glider
Lost biodiversity can never be fully recovered, but through our conservation efforts we can help to ensure that species are able to persist and to restore the capacity of ecosystems to adapt to changes and disturbances - in other words, to build ecological resilience.

What you can do in your own backyard
You can do a number of things in your own backyard to enhance biodiversity.

Establishing a Backyard for Wildlife means that you will encourage a host of native animals including birds, butterflies, lizards, frogs, and insects to your garden. All it takes is food, water, shelter and security. 

If you live adjacent to a bush reserve or a managed park it is important that you are a Good Bush Neighbour.  By taking some simple actions in your backyard, you can minimise the impacts you have on the biodiversity on the other side of your fence.

Endemic Species List
To assist you to choose the right native plant for the area in which you live, Singleton Council has produced an Endemic Species List.

The list provides information on the species of plant and its nature, original habitat and how the plant may be used, such as food, oil.


Singleton Council
PO Box 314 Singleton NSW 2330
Ph: 02 6578 7290