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Climate Change
What is climate change?
Climate change generally refers to the warming of the planet due to the human induced increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.  Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide are released into the atmosphere through processes including the burning of fossil fuels (eg. coal and oil) in cars and power stations, deforestation, burying household waste and processing sewage.

How will climate change impact on Singleton local government area?
Singleton and the broader is region is known for its historic climate variability and extremes.  Major floods, droughts and bushfire events have had an impact on the local government area (LGA).  Events of this nature have significantly raised community awareness of climate variability and the potential impacts of climate change.

The Hunter Councils' Environment Division has produced a brochure on how climate change will impact on the Singleton Local Government Area.  This brochure is available here.

Where can I find further information?
The Office of Environment and Heritage's website AdaptNSW contains a wealth of information on climate change and how you can adapt to climate change impacts in New South Wales.

The Climate Council website also contains a large amount of information, including the latest research on climate change.

The Bureau of Meteorology has a climate outlook website which provides rainfall and temperature outlooks for three-months ahead and maps that can be tailored for any location. In addition, the website has short videos feature Bureau climatologists explaining the outlook and how to interpret climate information for decision-making. You can subscribe to receive the outlook each month.

The World Resources Institute has produced interactive maps that show the growth in total emissions since 1850 and the changes in per capita emissions since 1960.

The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) is making climate change information available via a series of online tools, designed to promote an understanding and awareness of the science around emissions and climate change.  The online tools, including the Analogues Explorer, is easily accessed through the CSIRO website and relatively simple to use. 

Carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change
Climate change is a key threatening process to natural systems and everything that relies on those systems. It will affect water cycles, soil processes, biodiversity, fire frequency and intensity and the spread of pests and disease. Communities that depend on these natural resources will need to adapt to maintain and improve their quality of life. A changing climate is a significant challenge to the sustainable management of natural resources and agriculture. 

The importance of soil organic carbon as a significant carbon sink is being increasingly recognized in strategies to mitigate climate change. Soil contains huge quantities of carbon, generally around 50 to 300 tonnes per ha. Soil organic carbon is derived from plant inputs, especially leaves and fine roots, and plays a fundamental role in the global carbon cycle. The stock of carbon in a soil reflects the balance between the inputs from plant residues and losses due to decomposition, erosion and leaching.

Singleton Shire Landcare Network has received funding under the Federal Governments Carbon Farming Program for a soil carbon sequestration trial in the Singleton Local Government Area.

Singleton Council
PO Box 314 Singleton NSW 2330
Ph: 02 6578 7290